Report Released – Key Health Inequalities in Canada: A National Portrait

Key Health Inequalities in Canada

A National Portrait



While many Canadians enjoy good health, the benefits of good health are not equally experienced by all. Many of these inequalities are the result of social, economic and other factors, which affect the chances of achieving and maintaining good health. The report Key Health Inequalities in Canada: A National Portrait describes the degree and distribution of key health inequalities in Canada, a critical step in taking action to advance health equity.


The report is a product of the Pan-Canadian Health Inequalities Reporting Initiative, a collaboration among the Public Health Agency of Canada, the Pan-Canadian Public Health Network, Statistics Canada, the Canadian Institute for Health Information, and the First Nations Information Governance Centre. Based on a framework developed by the World Health Organization, the Health Inequalities Reporting Initiative aims to strengthen the measurement, monitoring and reporting of health inequalities in Canada through improved access to data and the development of resources to improve our knowledge of health inequalities.


The report presents results at the national level for 22 indicators of health status and determinants of health, selected to highlight some of the most pronounced and widespread health inequalities in Canada. Health inequalities are demonstrated according to a number of social, economic and demographic factors known to be important to health equity, including age, sex, income, education, employment, occupation, Indigenous identity, rural/urban residence, immigrant status, sexual orientation, functional health (physical and mental impairment), and cultural/racial background.*




*Text from Statistics Canada: The Daily (